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The Society of Protozoologists was established to promote a closer association among
all those interested in any kind of protozoological research. The Society’s Constitution
states that, “The aim of the Society was to form an association of workers for the
presentation and discussion of new and important facts and problems in protozoology
and for the adoption of such measures as will tend to advance protozoological science.”
Therefore, there are no restrictions regarding age, academic degrees, nationality
or professional occupation for membership. Six categories of membership are available:
full, student, spouse, corresponding, emeritus and honorary. Membership in the Society
peaked at 1300 or so members by the late 1960’s and early 1970’s and then leveled
off to its present level of some 800 to 900 members in the 1990’s.
The organization was founded December 19, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois during an informal
gathering of interested biologists while they were there attending the American Association
for the Advancement of Science meeting. The first slate of officers was elected at
that time. They were as follows: R.F. Nigrelli, President; B.B. Morgan, Vice-President;
and T.L. Jahn, Secretary-Treasurer. Additional members of the Executive Committee
elected were: D.L. Hopkins, R.R. Kudo, J.L.Mohr, K.L. Osterud and R.M. Stabler. A
Constitutional Committee was composed of John L. Mohr, P. Hall and K.L. Osterud.
The first formal meeting of the entire Society was held on December 28, 1949 in conjunction
with the AAAS meeting in New York City. There were fifty attending members who considered
the issue of the Society’s Constitution and Bylaws and the established the Resolutions
Committee, Nominating Committee, Program Committee and Auditing Committee. Annual
Membership/Business meetings continued thereafter and were generally held in conjunction
with a variety of biological science associations. Those organizations included the
American Association for Advancement of Science, American Institute of Biological
Sciences (most often,) American Society of Zoologists, and the Phycology Society of
America. The Executive Committee (consisting of officers, Section representatives,
and five elected members) generally meets during the annual membership/business meetings,
but occasionally meet in supplementary sessions. Additionally, there were ten international
conferences in a variety of world destinations. These were held every four to five
years beginning in 1961. Some times the international conferences were held in conjunction
with the annual meetings while other years domestic annual meetings were held at a
In 1951 the Journal and Editorial Committees were established with the express task
of formulating and overseeing the development of a scholarly journal for the Society.
The first volume of the quarterly published Journal of Protozoology made its debut
in February of 1954. William Trager was the Journal’s first editor. He served in this
capacity from 1954-1965. The journal was regarded as a highly respected outlet for
original research papers in areas of descriptive and experimental nature. In later
years a supplement was added to the Journal, which contained the programs and abstracts
of the annual meetings and officer and committee reports. Periodically membership
lists and reprintings or revisions of the Constitution were also included in the Supplement.
In 1989 the Journal began to be printed bimonthly instead of quarterly. In 1993 the
name of the Journal of Protozoology was changed to the Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology,
which remains its present name.
In addition the Society began to publish a the Newsletter in 1976 which was usually
edited by the office of the Secretary. It contained announcements and other news of
general interest to the membership such as information on future meeting sites, winners
of awards, workshop notices, obituary tributes and letters form members. In 1991 an
official editor was separately designated to oversee the newsletter’s publication.
At this time the formal minutes of the Executive Committee meeting and annual Business
Meetings, some committee and Section reports, constitutional revisions, international
news and bits of “protozoology humor” were added to the newsleter. This allowed those
members (Corresponding and Emeritus Memberships) who didn’t receive the Journal to
be more informed about the Society’s activities.
The Society of Protozoology has always advocated an international outlook and attitude
in membership and organizational affiliations. In 1961 the Society created a membership
category called Corresponding Membership to encourage international growth. This allowed
members residing outside the United States to have full participation in Society affairs
(with the exception of receiving the Journal) at a reduced rate. Since its inception
the Society has had more non-US members than any other “American” biological society,
with members joining from over forty countries. The British Section was the first
to be established in 1962. Other affiliated foreign sections have formed in Israel,
Japan, Hungary, Scandinavia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Italy, Brazil, Argentina,
India, Mexico and China. Sectional representatives became voting members of the Executive
Committee; and since the 1960’s the office of Vice President has always been filled
by a non-American who has full membership. Sections were also formed in France and
the Soviet Union, but neither group has chosen to formally become a part of the Society.
The Society has established five funded awards beginning with Richard P. Hall Memorial
Fund in 1969, which was awarded to students in order to help with publishing costs.
In 1976 the Seymour H. Hutner Young Investigator Prize was established by Hutner and
his friends to acknowledge a young scientist not long out of his/her Ph.D. for outstanding
research on the “cutting edge” of some field of protozoology. Students of Dr. Theodore
Louis Jahn established an award in his name shortly before his death in 1979. This
was a cash prize given yearly to a student member of the Society who presented the
best poster or research paper at a Society meeting. The final two awards were established
during the 1990’s. The George G. Holz, Jr. and Robert L. Conner Travel Award was created
to provide travel awards to students and young investigators that would facilitate
their participation in Society meetings. The John O. Corliss Ciliate Systematics Award
was established to recognize a young ciliatologist authoring a published research
paper in ciliate taxonomy judged to be the most worthy. The Awards Committee has the
responsibility of recommending to the Executive Committee (for their ultimate approval)
those people chosen for the awards.
The Society currently is challenged by declining membership. This is thought to be
in part due to the trend toward more specialized scientific organizations and perhaps
by the needed increase in membership dues. Currently there is discussion concerning
possible merger of the Society with another biological society. The Society is now
called the International Society of Protistologists.
This collection is organized into seven series. Series II and IV are further divided
Series I. History
Series II. Executive Committee
Series III. Membership
Series IV. Meetings
Series V. Publications
Series VI. Affiliated Societies
Series VII. Media, Photographs, and Artwork
Series VIII. Commitees
This collection of records of the Society of Protozoologists 1947-2012 documents the
origins of the Society and its significant growth in membership. The records are arranged
in five series: History, Executive Committee, Membership, Meetings, Publications,
Affiliated Societies and Miscellaneous.
The History Series contains information about the early years of the organization.
The original Constitution and Bylaws are included as well as a documents concerning
Since there was no central organizational office, the records were kept by officers
of the Society at various locations during their time in office. Therefore the bulk
of Society records can be found under the Executive Committee Series: President, Secretary
and Treasurer. The Secretary was responsible for membership, meeting arrangements,
meeting agendas and minutes, and the comprehensive coordination of Society business.
General correspondence may also contain committee reports, meeting arrangements, and
membership and material pertaining to election issues. Treasurer records consist of
correspondence and financial documents. The financial records include general deposits
and disbursements, bank statements, audits, invoices, fund account records as well
as some information concerning membership. Allen Press published the journal and also
had the responsibility of membership payments and mailing out the Journal to Society
members. Some financial, membership and journal matters can be found in Allen Press
files of the Executive Committee, Membership and Publications Series. Membership lists,
member status and payment records are in the Membership Series.
Business/Membership Meeting files include correspondence about meeting arrangements,
agendas and travel grant matters. Committee reports, minutes and occasionally presentation
abstracts are included in the files. There is a complete run of all annual business/membership
meetings from 1954 to 1990 containing varying amounts of materials from each meeting
The Executive Committee meetings are complete from 1954 until 1990 with the exception
The Publications Series contains educational pamphlets, a few Society newsletters
and meeting programs published by the Society. A complete run of the Society’s Journal
of Protozoology, which was renamed The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology in 1993,
is available from 1954-1994. Financial information concerning Journal publishing,
design and subscriptions are included in the Series.
Affiliated Societies files contain correspondence about joint meetings and common
scientific objectives, minutes from affiliated society meetings attended by Society
of Protzoologists representatives and publications.
The Media, Photographs, and Artwork Series contains numerous photographs which, while
not identified, were most likely taken at Society meetings. Recording tapes and two
floppy disks concerning Society meetings are in this Series. Also included is a slide
collection of Dr. Eugene Bovee.
Finally, the Committee series was added in 2017 to accomodate committee files. Committees
are also represented throughout the collection, particularly in Series II.
The collection came to UMBC Special Collections in two acquisitions. The first was
accession number MSS 97-11 consisting of 16 boxes plus 47 bound and loose journals.
The material dates from 1947 to 1990. It was transferred in March 1997 from Dr. Bruce
Hill at Mt. Vernon College, Washington, D. C. The second acquisition came from Dr.
Susan Langreth at the Herbert School of Medicine in Bethesda, Md. This consisted of
three boxes of general records dating from 1984 to 1990. The acquisition number is
SARCV 2000-13. Additional acessions: SARCV 2003-02, SARCV 2004-01, SARCV 2004-07,
SARCV 2004-08, SARCV 2006-01, SARCV 2007-03, SARCV 2010-006, SARCV 2013-02, SARCV
This collection was processed by Sharon Knecht under the supervision of Marcia Frank
Peri and completed in May 2001.
This collection of the records of the Society of Protozoologists arrived in two acquisitions
of 16 boxes plus 47 bound and loose journals in March 1997 and 3 additional boxes
of general records in November of 2000. The records were filed and received in a very
disordered state due to the fact that there was no central office for the Society
and were therefore kept by individual officers while they served the Society. It was
determined that the bulk of the documents fall into recognizable groupings by officer.
These were thus designated as the Executive Committee and were divided into attempt
to keep the records filed under the office of the Society who created the record originally.
There were very few files on specific Society committees, however various committee
reports can be found in annual and executive committee meeting files. Remaining files
were organized by the type of activity and in the order in which they were received.
Multiple copies have been disposed of whenever there were more than two copies of
a given document as have old checks and checkbooks.
Two additional boxes of materials were processed in the fall of 2001 and are additions
to Series II, Subseries 3 (Executive Committee, Treasurer). Records relating to the
production of the Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology were donated in 2012 by editor
Denis Lynn. The materials were incorporated into Series V: Publications.
In 2014, the Society requested a processing plan to incorporate subsequent accessions
into the main collection. Archivist Lindsey Loeper prepared a plan, which was funded
by the Society. The work was completed in 2016 and 2017 by Special Collections student
assistants Graham Johnson and Riley Auer and Graduate Assistant Sarah Huston. The
processing included adding two new series (Series VII. Media, Photographs, and Artwork
and Series VIII. Committees). Previous Series VII. Miscellaneous was reviewed and
incorporated into the arrangement. Lindsey Loeper supervised the processing and updated
the finding aid.
Describing Archives: a Content Standard (DACS)
Archives Processing Manual: Description (2015): The processing manual used in Special Collections for all descriptive platforms, including
Finding aid available.
Finding Aid: http://library.umbc.edu/speccoll/findingaids/coll013.php
Reproduction for research purposes is allowed. Copyright maintained by creator.
Society of Protozoologists
International Society of Protistologists
Society of Protozoologists -- Archives
Protozoology -- Societies, etc.
Extent: .5 box (.25 linear feet)
History files are arranged in date order and consist of items that officers deemed
important in the organization's history.
Extent: 20.5 boxes (20.75 linear feet)
The Executive Committee is the managing body of the Society. Their files are
arranged into 3 sub-series: President, Secretary and Treasurer.
Extent: .5 box (.5 linear feet)
President files consist of correspondence files which are in date order. They
are followed by subject files arranged in alpha order.
Extent: 5.5 boxes (5.75 linear feet)
Secretary files consist of general correspondence files which are arranged in
date order followed by subject files arranged in alpha order. Correspondence files
may include committee and financial reports, Journal business, membership matters
and information regarding Society meetings.
Extent: 15 boxes (14.75 linear feet)
Treasurer files are arranged beginning with general correspondence in date order
followed by subject files in alpha order. Correspondence files may also contain information
on membership dues payments and award funds. The financial files follow in alpha order.
They contain audits, invoices, bank statements and reconciliations, meeting and Journal
expenses, tax reports and financial condition statements.
Extent: .25 box (.25 linear feet)
Tellers Committee consists of ballots and election correspondence.
Extent: 2.5 boxes (2.75 linear feet)
Membership files consist primarily of lists of members as well as groups of card
files giving details of membership status.
Extent: 2.5 boxes (2.25 linear feet)
The Meetings Series is divided into two subseries: Annual Business/Membership
meetings and Executive Committee meetings. They are arranged in date order. Materials
included vary and may contain correspondence, minutes, reports and arrangements.
Extent: 2 boxes (1.25 linear feet)
Annual Business/Membership (used interchangeably) are in date order. International
meetings are also listed in this group. The files may include minutes of the meetings,
reports, correspondence and arrangements.
Extent: 2 boxes (1 linear feet)
The Executive Committee meetings are generally held in conjunction with the
annual business/membership meetings, although occasionally they are held at other
times. They are listed in date order. Materials in the folders may contain meeting
minutes, arrangements and correspondence.
Date: 1951- 2012
Extent: 7 boxes (7.75 linear feet)
Files are arranged by the type of publication and then in date order.
Extent: 1 box (.75 linear feet)
The Affiliated Societies files are arranged in alpha order and then in date order.
These are other membership societies that work in the field of protozoology and protistology.
Extent: 3.25 boxes (3 linear feet)
Files are arranged by format.
Extent: 1.25 boxes (1.25 linear feet)
The Committee files are arranged in alpha order and then in date order.
Extent: 3 boxes (1.5 linear feet)
The folder title from which the item was removed is used and the original location
is listed in parentheses.
International Society of Protistologists homepage (formerly Society of Protozoologists).
Accessed November 18, 2015.